Gender and disasters in Chile. Who are the most vulnerable?
It is widely recognised in the international literature that women and girls are more vulnerable and suffer more when a disaster occurs. In general, it is also harder for them to recover from its effects. This is particularly relevant in countries where gender discrimination is tolerated in one way or another (UNDP 2010 , WHO , IUCN , UNISDR et al 2009 , Enarson and Dhar Chakrabarti 2015 ). In 2007, a study by the London School of Economics (LSE), which considered a sample of 141 countries between 1981 and 2002, found that disasters and their impact killed more women than men, especially in the lower socio-economic strata (Neumayer and Plümper, 2007 ).